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Economic Class‎ > ‎

Federal Skilled Worker

April 23, 2014 UPDATE - New caps for Federal Skilled Worker and Federal Skilled Trades Programs, and Canadian Experience Class

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Federal skilled workers (FSW) are chosen as permanent residents based on their ability to settle in Canada and take part in our economy. We assess them on their:

  • English and/or French skills,
  • education,
  • work experience, and
  • other factors that have been shown to help them prosper in Canada.

The rules to apply as an FSW can change from time to time without notice. Make sure you keep checking this site if you want to immigrate to Canada as an FSW.

Skilled workers are people who are chosen as permanent residents based on their ability to prosper in Canada.

We assess federal skilled worker (FSW) applications based on the factors set out below.

Determine your eligibility – Federal skilled workers

A) Basic eligibility

We will only process your FSW application if you have:

  • at least one year of continuous and paid (full-time or an equal amount in part-time) work experience
    • in a single occupation,
    • within the last 10 years,
    • at skill type 0, or skill levels A or B of the 2011 edition of the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC), and you:
      1. have this work experience in one of the eligible occupations, OR
      2. have a valid offer of arranged employment, OR
      3. are an international student who is enrolled in a PhD program in Canada (or who graduated from a Canadian PhD program within the past 12 months) and meet these criteria.

AND

You meet all the minimum requirements below.

Note: If you meet all the conditions set out in sections A and B, we will process your application based on the six selection factors in section C. Even if your application is eligible to be processed, you must meet all of the other FSW program requirements, such as having enough money to support you and your family in Canada.


B) Minimum requirements

Work experience

If your application is eligible to be processed, we will then assess it to see if your work experience is valid.

Your work experience must be:

  • for at least one year in the same occupation,
  • continuous and paid (full-time or an equal amount in part-time),
  • within the last 10 years, 
      
    AND
  • skill type 0 (managerial occupations) or
  • skill level A (professional occupations) or
  • skill level B (technical occupations and skilled trades) 

    on the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC) list.

(The National Occupational Classification is a system used to classify jobs in Canada.)

Language ability

You must meet minimum language levels and include the results of a language test from an agency approved by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) when you apply that shows you meet the minimum language requirement of Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7.

Education

You must have:

  • a Canadian diploma, certificate, or credential 

    AND/OR

About the application cap

Due to the large number of applications we get, we can only consider a limited number of applications per year. Between May 4, 2013, and April 30, 2014, we will consider no more than 5,000 complete FSW applications for processing. Within the 5,000 cap, we will consider no more than 300 applications per eligible occupation for processing within this same time frame.

This does not apply if you:

  • have a valid offer of arranged employment, or
  • are applying under the PhD stream (there is a cap of 1,000 applications in this stream, from May 4, 2013 to April 30, 2014).

C) Six selection factors

If you meet all the conditions set out in sections A and B above, we will process your application based on the six selection factors in the skilled worker points grid.Footnote1 They are:

  • your skills in English and/or French, Canada’s two official languages,
  • your education,
  • your work experience,
  • your age,
  • whether you have arranged employment in Canada, and
  • your adaptability (how well you are likely to settle here).

To see how many points you might get, read about the selection factors

If you are not sure if you should apply as a skilled worker, try the Come to Canada Wizard to get an idea if your application would be eligible to be processed.

D) Proof of funds

You must also show that you have enough money to support yourself and your family after you arrive in Canada.

E) Inadmissibility

Some people are inadmissible—they are not allowed to come to Canada. Several things can make you inadmissible, including being involved in:

  • crime, or
  • human rights violations.

You can also be inadmissible for:

  • security,
  • health,
  • financial reasons, or
  • other reasons.

Find out more about inadmissibility.


Number of received applications: http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/immigrate/skilled/complete-applications.asp

Footnotes

Footnote 1

These factors are part of a 100-point grid used to assess federal skilled workers. This means you earn points for how well you do in each of the six factors. The total points will show if you qualify. The current pass mark is 67 points.

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INFORMATION BELOW THIS LINE IS NOT RELEVANT ANY MORE - IT IS PROVIDED FOR REFERENCE ONLY
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July 28, 2012:
Effective July 1st, 2012, Citizenship and Immigration Canada will place a temporary pause on new applications to the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) and federal Immigrant Investor Program (IIP).

Application intake is expected to resume in January 2013, when the proposed FSWPregulatory changes – which will be published in the Canada Gazette in the coming months – are expected to come into force.

The temporary pause on FSWP applications does not apply to candidates with offers of arranged employment or those applying under the PhD eligibility stream. The full set of Ministerial Instructions will be available online in the Canada Gazette tomorrow.




Total complete applications received since July 1, 2011

On July 1, 2011, the eligibility criteria for Federal Skilled Worker applicants changed.

Between July 1, 2011, and June 30, 2012, a maximum of 10,000 complete Federal Skilled Worker applications will be considered for processing. Within the 10,000 cap, a maximum of 500 Federal Skilled Worker applications per eligible occupation will be considered for processing within this same time frame.

These limits do not apply to applications with an offer of arranged employment (job offer).

Applications received toward the overall cap: 1,296 of 10,000 as of August 22, 2011

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On January 31, 2012, Human Resources and Skills Development Canada (HRSDC) and Statistics Canada replaced the 2006 edition of the National Occupation Classification (NOC) with a 2011 version. For the purposes of the Federal Skilled Worker Program list of eligible occupations, new applicants are advised to refer to the HRSDC website for the latest job descriptions and duties for each NOC.

CIC will assess FSW applications received at the Centralized Intake Office before January 31, 2012 according to the old NOC system as they were the conditions under which the candidate applied.

CIC is examining the impact the NOC changes will have on immigration programs and will publish updates as soon as they become available.

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Application for permanent residence: Federal skilled worker class (IMM 7000).
 
Federal skilled worker (FSW) applications are assessed for eligibility according to the criteria set out below.

For your application to be eligible for processing, you must:

  • include the results of your official language proficiency test, AND
  • have a valid offer of arranged employment, OR
  • have one year of continuous full-time paid work experience in at least one of the occupations listed here OR
  • be an international student enrolled in a PhD program in Canada (or graduated from a Canadian PhD program within the past 12 months) and meet certain criteria.

For your application to be eligible for processing, you must include the results of your official language proficiency test, and fall into one of these three categories:

  1. Skilled workers with a valid offer of arranged employment (AEO).

  2. International students enrolled in a PhD program at a provincially or territorially recognized private or public post-secondary educational institution in Canada who:

    • have completed at least two years of study towards a PhD
    • are in good academic standing at the time they apply
    • are not recipients of an award requiring them to return to their home country to apply their knowledge and skills, OR

    International students who graduated from a PhD program at a provincially or territorially recognized private or public post-secondary educational institution in Canada who:

    • graduated no more than 12 months before the date their application is received
    • did not receive an award which required them to return to their home country to apply their knowledge and skills (or did, but have satisfied the terms of the award).

    (A maximum of 1,000 applications from this category will be considered for processing each year. This will not be included in the total for any other cap. Applications will be considered in order they are received. The first cap year for the PhD stream begins on November 5, 2011.)

  3. Skilled workers with one year of continuous full-time or equivalent part-time paid work experience in at least one of the following eligible occupations within the last ten years:
    • 0631 Restaurant and Food Service Managers
    • 0811 Primary Production Managers (Except Agriculture)
    • 1122 Professional Occupations in Business Services to Management
    • 1233 Insurance Adjusters and Claims Examiners
    • 2121 Biologists and Related Scientists
    • 2151 Architects
    • 3111 Specialist Physicians
    • 3112 General Practitioners and Family Physicians
    • 3113 Dentists
    • 3131 Pharmacists
    • 3142 Physiotherapists
    • 3152 Registered Nurses
    • 3215 Medical Radiation Technologists
    • 3222 Dental Hygienists & Dental Therapists
    • 3233 Licensed Practical Nurses
    • 4151 Psychologists
    • 4152 Social Workers
    • 6241 Chefs
    • 6242 Cooks
    • 7215 Contractors and Supervisors, Carpentry Trades
    • 7216 Contractors and Supervisors, Mechanic Trades
    • 7241 Electricians (Except Industrial & Power System)
    • 7242 Industrial Electricians
    • 7251 Plumbers
    • 7265 Welders & Related Machine Operators
    • 7312 Heavy-Duty Equipment Mechanics
    • 7371 Crane Operators
    • 7372 Drillers & Blasters - Surface Mining, Quarrying & Construction
    • 8222 Supervisors, Oil and Gas Drilling and Service
Check out the sub-page to learn more about each occupation.

NOTE: the occupations above are all Skill Type 0 (managerial occupations) or Skill Level A (professional occupations) or B (technical occupations and skilled trades) on the Canadian National Occupational Classification list.

If you are not sure if you should apply as a skilled worker, you can use the Come to Canada Wizard to get an idea of whether your application would be eligible for processing.

If you apply and do not meet the above criteria, you will be informed of this and  your processing fee will be refunded.

FSW applications received by the CIO on or after June 26, 2010, accompanied by the results of the principal applicant’s English or French language proficiency assessment, not exceeding the identified caps and that meet either of the following criteria shall be placed into processing:

  • Applications from skilled workers with evidence of experience in the last ten years under one or more of the National Occupation Classification (NOC) codes specified in the MIs up to a maximum of 20,000 new, complete applications per year with no more than 1,000 applications of this maximum in any one NOC category;

or

Note: As of June 26, 2010, the stream for temporary foreign workers and international students living in Canada for one year no longer exists. Students and temporary foreign workers applying in the FSW class on or after June 26, 2010, must meet the criteria of the second set of MIs in order to be eligible for processing. The second set of MIs applies only to applications received by the Centralized Intake Office (CIO) on or after June 26, 2010.

Applicants will have one year of continuous full-time or equivalent paid work experience in at least one of the listed NOCs and not combined partial year experience in multiple NOCs.

Only test results from a third party language testing agency designated by the Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism will be accepted.(IELTS - general training option, CELPIP and TEF for French language).
 
Use your language test results from a designated testing agency, to determine how many points you will be awarded for language proficiency.

EFFECTIVE December 23, 2010: If you are submitting a language test with your application, the results are now valid for 2 years from the time you took the test, instead of 1 year. This change applies to Federal skilled worker, Canadian Experience Class and Business Class Immigrants (investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed people).

Work experience requirements

Your work experience must be:

  • for at least one year, continuous, and paid (full-time or the equivalent in part-time), AND
  • Skill Type 0 (managerial occupations) or Skill Level A (professional occupations) or B (technical occupations and skilled trades) on the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC) list, AND
  • within the last 10 years.

If you meet the above minimum requirements, your application will be processed according to the six selection factors in the skilled worker points grid , which are:

  • your education
  • your abilities in English and/or French, Canada’s two official languages
  • your work experience
  • your age
  • whether you have arranged employment in Canada, and
  • your adaptability.
 Selection Factor  Points
 Education  Maximum 25 points
 Proficiency in English and/or French  Maximum 24 points
 Experience  Maximum 21 points
 Age  Maximum 10 points
 Arranged employment in Canada  Maximum 10 points
 Adaptability  Maximum 10 points
 Total  Maximum 100 points
 Pass mark  67 points


You must also show that you have enough money to support yourself and your dependants after you arrive in Canada.

The amount of money you need to support your family is determined by the size of your family. These amounts are updated every year. You do not have to show that you have these funds if you have arranged employment in Canada.

 Number of
Family Members
 Funds Required
(in Canadian dollars)
 1  $11,115
 2  $13,837
 3  $17,011
 4  $20,654
 5  $23,425
 6  $26,419
 7 or more  $29,414

If you are not sure if you should apply as a skilled worker, you can:


Limit on the number of applications to be processed per year

A maximum of 20,000 FSW applications, without an AEO, will be considered for processing each year.

Within the 20,000 cap, a maximum of 1,000 FSW applications per NOC code will be considered for processing each year. Total complete applications received since June 26, 2010

In calculating the caps, applications will be considered in order of the date they are received. Applications received on the same date will be considered for processing having regard to routine office procedures.

For the unique purpose of calculating the caps, the first year will begin on June 26, 2010, and end on June 30, 2011. Subsequent years will be calculated from July 1st to June 30th, unless otherwise indicated in a future MI.


Submitting the application

All FSW applications will continue to be sent to the CIO. Applicants are required to submit their complete application, together with all supporting documents, to the CIO. This includes all documents listed both on the CIO and visa-office-specific document checklists. Official language test results from a designated language testing agency must be submitted with the application.

The CIO will review applications for completeness pursuant to section 10 of the IRPR. If the application received is incomplete, the entire application package will be returned to the applicant.


Application for permanent residence: Federal skilled worker class (IMM 7000) (PDF)

All FSW applications are to be submitted directly to the Centralized Intake Office (CIO) in CPC-Sydney.

CIC has created a new mailbox exclusively for the use of registered immigration consultants
and lawyers. CIC encourages authorized representatives to direct general procedural inquiries specific to FSW category applications and Ministerial Instructions to: FSW-TQF-Questions@cic.gc.ca. This new mailbox will address inquiries regarding general procedures and operational policy. CIC will endeavour to
respond to such inquiries within 20 business days. 
Make sure this address is added to to your contact list so it does not end up in the spam folder.

Consult the Foreign Credentials Referral Office website at www.credentials.gc.ca for information on regulated and non‑regulated occupations.

Obtaining Arranged Employment Opinion (Learn more about AEO and LMO here)

This application should be submitted by an employer who has made a permanent job offer to support a foreign national's application for a permanent resident visa and:

  1. the position is not located in the Province of Quebec;
  2. the position offered falls under levels A, B, or 0 of the National Occupational Classification (NOC). For more detailed information on job classifications; and
  3. a Labour Market Opinion confirmation is not required ***

***NOTE: Employers interested in hiring a skilled worker for a permanent position - and having him or her work in Canada temporarily while awaiting CIC's decision - must first complete the “Application for a Labour Market Opinion Form.” This process is the same as the one for hiring a worker temporarily. Once a positive labour market opinion and a temporary work permit have been issued, the worker can work in Canada and then apply for a skilled worker permanent resident visa.

The process:
  1. Employer makes a permanent offer in a skilled occupation to the Skilled Worker and submit an application for an Arranged Employment Opinion  - (PDF 684KB)  
  2. Send the application form to:
    Service Canada
    Temporary Foreign Worker - Centre of Specialization
    1 Agar Place, PO Box 7000
    Saint John, NB E2L 4V4
    Fax: 866-585-7524 (toll free)

Processes differ when hiring skilled workers in Quebec.

An arranged employment opinion (AEO) is based on these factors :

  • The job offer is permanent;
  • The job offer is genuine;
  • The wages and working conditions offered for the job are comparable to those offered to Canadians working in the occupation;
  • The employment is full-time, not seasonal.

Learn more about the HRSDC AEO assessment criteria and what is expected from employers, noting that this process does not apply in the province of Quebec.

  1. HRSDC reviews the application and if appropriate, provides you with an AEO letter of confirmation supporting the job. Please be aware that a positive HRSDC AEO letter only supports the Skilled Worker's application for permanent residency, but does not allow for the person to work in Canada. There is another process if you plan to employ the person and, at the same time, support their permanent immigration to Canada.
  2. You send a copy of the AEO letter to the Skilled Worker.
  3. Tell the person to apply to the appropriate visa office for a  Skilled Worker permanent resident visa.
  4. Tell the Skilled Worker to include your written permanent job offer and the AEO letter of confirmation with the permanent resident application, along with other documentation required by CIC. The application is point-rated and these documents improve the Foreign Worker's score and the opportunity to receive a permanent resident visa.

    Next, CIC reviews the Skilled Worker permanent residency application and decides whether to:

    • Grant points under the "Arranged Employment" and review all other Skilled Worker criteria;
    • Give the Skilled Worker a permanent resident visa.

On its own, a permanent job offer does not allow a Skilled Worker to immigrate to Canada. Before a Skilled Worker can become a permanent resident, they must :

 
Important:

1) All applicants in the Federal Skilled Worker Class, must submit their application to the Centralized Intake Office (CIO) in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada.

2) All Applicants must complete the Fee Payment Form – Application for Permanent Residence – Federal Skilled Worker (IMM 5620), regardless of the chosen method of payment.

 
 
 
 

Under the Canada-Quebec Accord on Immigration, Quebec establishes its own immigration requirements and selects immigrants who will adapt well to living in Quebec.

If you want to go to Quebec as a skilled worker, you must first follow a separate selection process before your application is finalised by Citizenship and Immigration Canada. To learn about that province’s requirements, visit Quebec’s immigration website.

When you are ready to apply for permanent residence, return to this section.


 


Skilled workers and professionals: —Proof of funds

Manitoba’s "Worker Recruitment and Protection Act"



References: